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wheel of the year
wheel of the year

What is the wheel of the year?

The wheel of the year, identifies a lunisolar calendar solar cyclic and/or observed in many forms of neo-paganism, to feature 8 seasonal festivals mentioned the author Gerald Gardner, S, following the word “Shabbat” commonly associated with religious practices heretical to Christianity during the period of the Holy Inquisition.
Although many texts, would ascribe a Celtic origin to ancient and modern historical sources calendar belie that argument, although the calendar is inspired by European folk traditions.

historical sources on the calculation temporal Celtic

The Celtic people evolving from the point of view of social and technological developments (from hunting and gathering to some advanced forms of farming in Britain) has consequently evolved its own system of consideration of “time”, starting with a simpler system (summer-winter) up to evolve a system with 4 main festivals Samhain, Imbolc, Beltane, Lammas, a lunisolar system.
Unfortunately, the lack of a unified tradition within the Celtic peoples, did not allow the identification of a defined system of cults, deity or holidays.
One assumes, however, that the differences were at macro expansion areas 3 Celtic context (transpalpina, British Cisalpine) because of the climate, land and associated indigine populations.
Today (unfortunately) only a single and reliable historical exhibit as evidence of ancient Celtic system: the Coligny calendar.

Celtic calendar
Celtic calendar

The true origins of the wheel of the year.

The wheel of the year of widespread use in the sphere of modern magic and neo-paganism, stems from its more ancient origins in the ancient traditions of persia and india; in fact, in Indian text Srimad Bavaghatam dated between VI and X dc, we find a clear reference to the wheel of the year with 8 major holidays arranged similarly to the “new” wheel of the year. This ancient system has come to us thanks to the enormous success it has enjoyed in the last 2 centuries Indian tradition in the Western world, pirma thanks to East Indian Company, next time thanks to forbidden text “kamasutra” (widely used in Victorian parlors), with a third revival especially in the esoteric thanks to the famous a. Crowley and in modern times due to new age Hippies and subsequent movements , tradition which influenced so much modern esoteric-spiritual landscape and you might dare say mother of neo-paganism, for the ability to mix the traditions or worse in some cases by them …
In modern times, in 1950, the Bricket Wood coven “and” wikka club the club commonly adopted “OBOD Druid” wheel of the year to align the celebrations between these two important orders …

The wheel and its contexts

From the symbolic point of view the wheel is useful in some important intellectual speculation, especially in considering the cyclic flow of time, magic-philosophical or the non-existence of time, however you must understand that the wheel is a “simple” first gear (yet very incomplete she lack of considerations on the Moon) useful to understanding the universe’s finest mechanical and thin that math has shown repeated schematically in the universe … Recalling, however, that it is often better not to get caught in the wheels that among the Celts were a symbol of death.

The 8 public holidays:


the 8 wheel holidays are:

Samhain
31 October/1 November

Yule
(Winter solstice) December 20 or 21

Imbolc
2 February

Ostara
(Vernal equinox) between 20 and 23 March

Beltane
30 April and 1 may

Litha
(Summer solstice) 21 or 22 June

Lughnasadh
31 July and 1 August

Mabon
(Autumnal Equinox) 20 or 21 September


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