The Rune poems are poems that list the letters of the various Runic alphabets while providing a stanza for each rune.
The three poems that have survived to this day are the Anglo-Saxon Rune poem, the Norwegian Rune poem and the Icelandic Rune poem.
Icelandic and Norwegian poems list 16 younger Fuþark runes, while the ancient Anglo Saxon Fuþorc the 29.
Each poem differs from the others in the metro, but they contain numerous Parallels; They also provide references to figures from Norse mythology and Anglo-Saxon mythology (the latter also includes Christian references).
A list of rune names is also contained in the Abecedarium Nordmannicum, a 9th century manuscript, but whether it can be called a poem or not is subject to debate.
It has been theorized that mnemonic techniques that allowed Rune poems were to remember the order and name of each letter of the alphabet, and perhaps may have been a catalogue of important cultural information, organized in a way that we can be remembered easily; This Rune poems were compared with those Anglo-Saxons, gnomic poetry, and to some forms of Norse poetry aimed at learning.
Anglo-saxon Rune poem
The Icelandic Rune poem
Norwegian Rune poem