HomeIndexthe cult of Diana

Reflections

… between the shores of the lake, the water that reflects that the moon reveals ancient memories of cults, traditions and magics, rites and false gods that are confused in a cacophonous babele snooty by stoic ruins, ruins that tell the story of a people that was and traditions that were and that maybe they remain in the minds of the mouths that want to tell them…
This is not only the story of a cult, but it is the story of Diana herself, Goddess vhe has been able to resist among the gods, whose name survives in the millennia , survives the principles that men want to apply to it, survives the modern fairy tales inspiring new cults , Goddess who has been able to face cults from ancient Mediterranean shores, Goddess of Valor who strongly defends her right in history…

Young Roots

If today the figure of Diana is known thanks to the literary stories of Leland, and the new forms of worship associated with them, the root of her cult in the history of the post-empire is often confused with associations with other Dees: they stand out among them multiple triple Dees , like Hecate, Selene and the 3 Fates ( Fatue or Parche), this form of agglomeration of Divinity and cults perhaps arises with the need after constant inheritance to create a unitary cult in which all the “kind” could find unity in a world now very stubborn the venom traditions that survived in the fields (the Roman pagus), so perhaps the idea of a wild and rebellious associated with nature and the night at the moon, idealized a nature in stark contrast to the new solar cult that imposed itself both spiritually and politically throughout Europe…
It was probably Diana’s idea that catalyzed mysterious cults dedicated to different Goddesses, such as the cults dedicated to Jone, Roman Isis, Selene and the Trivie, for the particular history of Lake Nemi and its Goddess.

Mystery Cults in Nemi Lake

It happened that in caligula’s time, the emperor himself, he erogere 2 temple ships in the center of the lake, where they were probably celebrated during full moon nights, mysterious rites dedicated to The Roman Isis, with suggestive ceremonies likely inspired by the Egyptian magical ceremonial, the same temple of Diana also, stood within an area where there was a strong sacred and religious influence of pre-Latin and pre-Indo-European populations, of matristic connotation, the thesis finds support with the ritual dedicated to the rex nemorensis:
… a foreign fugitive slave who in possession of the golden branch could have claimed the throne of Nemi (or later at the highest priestly office), challenging and killing his predecessor….
this ritualized practice respecifies the uses of some populations related to the figures of queens where, the kingdom waited for the firstborn right, but his consort had to be necessarily a stranger with unique qualities…

Artemis Orthia – the “Diana” of Sparta

it is precisely the ritual of Rex Nemorensis, which refers to more bloody practices, linked to sacrifice and self-sacrifice, in fact in Sparta itself, according to the Greek and Roman chronicles we find a cult dedicated to Artemis (Artemis Orthia) by the connotations decidedly violent, where the participants, male givani (the ephebes) accompanied by the gestures of the priestess and the songs of young girls, self-flagellated with rods until they literally covered the altar with blood, often even going so far as to die for the ritual itself.
In Roman times, however, the chronicles report that a practice of the agoghate (Spartan training) was ritualized, stealing cheese forms on the altar dedicated to Artemis (the Cheese Thieft), probably this practice or ritualized some Practices of the Crypetia (Spartan secret society, perhaps training period part of the agogoè) or replaced the same, as the young Spartan teenagers were incited to “delinquent” and to steal food for self-support.
A further link between the cults dedicated to Diana Nemoresnte and the Spartan Artemis is found in the structure of their temples, where there seems to be places dedicated to requests or spontaneous gifts (donor cells), an amphitheater, the sanctum arranged east-west; moreover, the Spartan chronicles mention as a ritual period, a period related to the full moon, but only when the moon appears with the sky sun (in the morning), a period that perhaps coincides with the next Roman Templum Dianae on August 13.

The Goddess of The Barbarians, in the millennia the Goddess of multiple peoples.

Last link, but no less important, and it seems that the stuatua dedicated to Artemis Orthia was a wooden statue stolen in Tauride (crimea-scizia), a place according to which even Diana herself would seem to come, thus relegating the origins of the myth to barbaric traditions much older, however, the only link of incongruity remains on the primordial origins of worship because while many theses would trace back to the peoples of tauride then to peoples of Indo-European root, the other thesis suggests it is a “barbaric” origin, but strongly linked to the pre-Indo-European peoples, in which it seems, there will be many “tribes” politically organized according to matricism.

today’s legacy

it was this legacy, perhaps inconvenient for the new cults of the empire, and perhaps strong enough to be eradicated, which led to more “modern” eras, the worship of Diana or popular forms related to it (where the sum of the elements almost came to create a new “divine” model) ,to be incorporated into the Christian tradition, even assimilating its feast and replacing it with the festivities of August 15th…
however, despite the millennia, despite the peoples, despite the cults, the ancient traditions survive in the memories of the ruins and Lake Nemi, ready to be explored and known by the curious fugitives, eager for freedom…