Odino acquisisce la conoscenza delle rune
Odino acquisisce la conoscenza delle rune

 

« Veit ek, at ek hekk
vindgameiði á
nætr allar níu,
geiri undaðr
ok gefinn Óðni,
sjalfur sjalfum mér,
á þeim meiði
er manngi veit
hvers af rótum renn.

Við hleifi mik sældu
né við hornigi,
nýsta ek niðr,
nam ek upp rúnar,
æpandi nam,
fell ek aftr þaðan. »

(I know, I was hanging from the trunk lashed by the wind for nine whole nights, wounded with a spear and delivered to Odin, myself to myself, in that tree that nobody knows where the roots is rising. With bread I were satisfied with neither horns [I really hit me]. I looked down, I made up the runes, as I did, and I fell apart.)

 

Origins

In Norse mythology, Odin was the same to get the knowledge of runes, knowledge transmitted then to Freya, and Heimdall to humanity.
However first finds suggests that the origins of the runes are to be found in Italy, dividing Greek-Etruscan origin gl historical among Finnish origin; historical finds make you think then about the origins of Northern Italy where Celtic alphabets have characters Runic-like as in the case of the famous Rosetta Stone to pay.
A line of fans instead would underpin that the origins would be sought in indo-europe, unfortunately that view misses the exhibits and documents in support of it.

 

stele di prestino
stele di prestino

From its origins to today

 

It is not known how the Italian peninsula the runes then spread throughout Europe, however following the two strands (Etruscan origin and Finnish origin) and easy to assume that in the case of Etruscan origin at the upcoming Celtic step, the Celts in turn contaminate the nomadic tribes and spread the knowledge of runes as far as Northern Europe.
However, following the Finnish developments it is possible that the skilled Phoenicians spread an evolution of their alphabet in all commercial airports.
(noare as some Runic finds in Northern Europe relate to commercial practices).
After the subsequent diffusion of Runic system have evolved some distinct alphabets: ancient futhark (elder futhark), the Scandinavian futhark-futhark short-freshly futhark, Anglo-Saxon futhark, with even a more recent variant of medieval origin.
With the advent of Christianity the Runic system fell into decline, soppravivendo probably as vulgar language in peoples subjugated, however some authors would refer that in some traditions of stregheria Renaissance, also in Italy, was widespread divination with runes and on pain of death who was found out about Runic knowledge

modern and post-modern

 

In the modern era is not yet known, as and when the runes come back into vogue (especially divinatory purposes), but it’s easy to assume that it was during the German national socialism with the exhumation of ancient Germanic culture, even Runic knowledge experienced a new birth.
There are documented cases of experiments conducted on the runes by the SS and Himmler To Extersteine using the Stadhagaldr (RUNIC yoga) in order to obtain or create a Super-man.
Next to the Nazi era, the runes were investigated by new-age culture and often unfortunately alien to them meanings, but enriched with numerous historical studies conducted across Europe today are still noticeable in all their glory ancient without excessive superstructures.

 

 


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