The feast of St. Lucia which falls in December 13 has always fascinated scholars, and one of the most heartfelt Christmas parties in many parts of Europe.
But what are the origins of this cult?
history and origins of a cult of people
What is certificate of course is that in December 13 the day santa died in Syracuse, much to be celebrated and remembered in the Christian tradition (also mentioned in Dante’s Divine Comedy). However it seems that the cult of santa would supplant Pagan traditions survived in the Po Valley in the time of the winter solstice, since before the gregoraino calendar was reformed by excluding some days, on 13 December coincided with the longest night of the year.
However, and very uncertain what were the origins of the cult, some neo-Pagans would have you go up the cult of the yule tradition in honor of new testimoninado lights that the name lucia (feminine form of lucius/Lucifer lux root name given to babies born at dawn) was in honor of the new light. However, it is permissible to believe that if there were a pagan correspondence this should not be found in the “light” but the “shadow“ of the longest night of the year celebrated by Germanic peoples as modraniht, so it is possible that during the Norman Conquest the Nordic peoples Parry with if you treat their culture in Sicily and even today in Sweden is elected as a representative of the Holy that is participating in the procession of Syracuse. (though it is evidence that the Norman Conquest is of 1010 and the Saint died about in 300 a.d.)
What’s certain is that probably Lucia is a transposition of the Greek Artemis, since right in the city of Syracuse is offered worship to this goddess and that his number is the number 13.